(JNS.org) Mohamed Morsi, the Islamist president of Egypt whose rule sparked protests that engulfed the country, was removed from power July 3 by the Egyptian military.
The constitution of Egypt was also suspended. Adly Mansour, chief justice of Egypt’s Supreme Constitutional Court, assumed the presidency on an interim basis.
Morsi’s ouster, which came shortly after the one-year anniversary of his rise to power on June 30, 2012, marks the second time in less than three years that the president of Egypt has fallen. Hosni Mubarak resigned in February 2011, ceding control to the military following the popular revolt against him.
Unlike Mubarak, Morsi refused to yield to the popular movement against him, and was instead forced out. He said in a speech before being overthrown by the military, “The price of preserving legitimacy is my life. Legitimacy is the only guarantee to preserve the country.” Morsi later tweeted that the military’s actions represented “a full coup, categorically rejected by all the free men of our nation.”
After Morsi rejected the military’s ultimatum to surrender to public pressure and resign within 48 hours, the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces, headed by General Abdel Fatah al-Sisi, posted on Facebook, “We swear to God that we will sacrifice our blood for Egypt and its people against all terrorists, extremists and ignorant [groups].” Al-Sisi was primarily referring to Morsi’s Muslim Brotherhood party.
The popular movement against Morsi was part of a campaign started last month known as Tamarod, which had gathered more than 22 million signatures on a petition calling for Morsi’s resignation.